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Types of interventionThere are several different types of intervention.  In the 1960s, a doctor named Vernon Johnson developed the method which remained the standard for more than 30 years.  Essentially, he espoused the very forceful type of confrontation that is most people’s impression of an intervention.  The addict is surprised by a group of concerned family members and friends.  In the course of one session, they express their concerns and issue an ultimatum that the addict must get treatment or else.  The idea is to use surprise and force to break through the addict’s denial and lead to immediate action.

Newer Types of Interventions

In recent years, alternatives have become much more common.  Psychologists have shown that the ambushing tactics involved in the Johnson model are not necessarily the most effective, and there have even been cases where physical restraint was used or hospitalization was forced and caused scrutiny about civil rights.

Systemic interventions were developed by Wayne Raiter in the mid-1990s and have steadily gained popularity since then.  A systemic intervention does not take place at a specific time, and is not a stand-alone event.  Rather, it is a process that begins with the family and friends of the addict changing their own behaviors and reactions to the addict.  This can mean setting new boundaries or ceasing enabling behaviors.  It can also include talking about the problem, but in ways that arise naturally.  Because the entire world around the addict gradually changes, the addict has time and space to come to his own realization that he must change as well.

Forming a Network for an Intervention

ARISE interventions are also gaining popularity, largely because of their high success rate. As with the systemic model, there is no initial ultimatum issued to the addict.  Rather, friends and family form an intervention network and make the addict aware that they are doing so.  Subsequently, this network discusses all decisions and actions that pertain to their own actions.  For example, no one can lend money to the addict without discussing it with the network. The addict knows that the network will be voting on whether or not he gets the loan so at the very least he has to wait for it.  He also knows that he can’t appeal to a sympathetic parent or friend because the other network members will still say no.

The addict realizes that he is dealing with a united front but there is still room for him to make his own decision. Eighty percent of addicts choose to enter treatment before it comes to a formal intervention. ARISE does prescribe a formal meeting with an ultimatum if the network is not successful, but again the ultimatum centers around what the networks members will no longer do, not what the addict has to do. Feeling as though he has a choice, the addict feels more positive about entering treatment.

To learn more about types of intervention and begin the process of finding an interventionist who is trained in the method you choose, call (888) 371-5722.